Beta Sistosterol ß-sitosterol are plant sterols found in all plants and herbs containing a chemical structures similar to that of cholesterol. Phytosterols mechanism involved with normalizing cholesterol in the body follows : the incorporation of cholesterol into micelles in the gastrointestinal tract is inhibited, decreasing the overall amount of cholesterol absorbed. This helps to control body total cholesterol levels, as well as modify HDL, LDL and TAG levels. Saw Palmetto Berry Extract (Serenoa repens) Saw Palmetto berry is rich in fatty acids and important phytosterols. l-Alanine Alanine is a non essential amino acid, important for the metabolism of tryptophan and pyridoxine. Alanine helps regulate blood sugar and is necessary for the promotion of proper blood glucose levels from dietary protein. Alanine is involved in gluconeogenesis - the manufacture of glucose from alanine by the liver. Pumpkin Seed Extract Pumpkin seeds are a very good source of essential fatty acids, amino acids, minerals and vitamins. Pumpkin Seed are rich in phytosterols at about 270-289 mg/100 g. Nettle Leaf Extract (Urtica Dioca) A plants of the genus Urtica where stinging nettle is a species containing important phytonutrients including a histamine, acetylcholine and serotonin. Sarsparilla Root Extract (Smilax officinalis) An adaptagenic tropical plant containing rich flavonoids. Pygeum Bark Extract (pygeum africanum) The constituents of ferulic esters reduce levels of the hormone prolactin while blocking cholesterol in some glands. Pygeum extract comes from the bark of a large evergreen tree found in central and southern Africa that contain several important compounds includimg beta-sitosterol, other plant estrogens, triterpenes, ferulic acids and more. Yohimbe Bark Extract (Pausinystalia yohimbe) Yohimbe increases fatty acid mobilization, decreasing fat synthesis. Yohimbe is an herb derived from the bark of the yohimbe tree primarily found in the West African. Quercetin The plant pigment quercetin is a dominant flavonoid found in found mainly in citrus fruit. In the body quercetin has anti-inflammatory activity with direct inhibition of several initial processes of inflammation. l-Glutamic Acid Glutamic Acid (Glutamate), a non essential amino acid, a precursor to Glutamine and GABA, is a key molecule in cellular metabolism serving as a metabolic fuel for other functional roles in the body. Lycopene The antioxidant lycopene is an open-chain unsaturated carotenoid found primarily in tomatos and other plants that imparts the red color. Vitamin B3 (Niacin) Niacin is a water-soluble vitamin, whose derivatives play essential roles in energy metabolism in the cell and DNA repair. Niacin (not niacinamide) reduces very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), a precursor of low density lipoprotein (LDL) or "bad" cholesterol, secretion from the liver, and inhibits cholesterol synthesis. Niacin can help increase the level of high density lipoprotein (HDL) or "good" cholesterol in blood. Niacinamide does not have anti-cholesterol properties. Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxal 5 phosphate) Pyridoxil 5'-phosphate acts as a coenzyme in all transamination reactions, and in some decarboxylation and deamination reactions of amino acids. The bioactive metabolite of Vitamin B-6, Pyridoxil 5'-phosphate is a coenzyme of many enzymatic reactions. It is the active form of Vitamin B-6 which comprises three natural organic compounds, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine and pyridoxine. L-Glycine Glycine is a non essential amino acid utilized by the liver in the synthesis of other nonessential amino acids and part of the tripeptide glutathione. Glycine is a hypolipidemic agent (it acts to reduce lipid synthesis) and aids in the further reduction of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood plasma. Magnesium (Glycinate Chelate) The element magnesium is an essential mineral involved in over 350 biochemical actions in the body. Magnesium relaxes smooth muscle, helps dilate blood vessels and maintains blood flow. Zinc (Monomethionine) The second most ocurring essential nutrient is zinc. Zinc is involved in about 3000 different protein complexes in the body. Copper (Glycinate Chelate) Copper is required for the production and function of hemoglobin, which is responsible for transporting oxygen through the body. Copper is a building block for collagen and elastin, the proteins that provide structural integrity and elasticity for tissues, organs and bones. Copper is helpful in maintaining skin integrity and useful in wound healing. Zinc and copper compete for absorption in the digestive tract so a dietary 10:1 balance must be maintained to prevent a deficiency. Copper is an essential nutrient found primarily in the bloodstream, as a co-factor in various enzymes, and in copper-based body pigments. Selenium (L-Selenomethioine) A mineral essential for the production of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE, an important anti-oxidant. Selenium is an essential trace element which functions as cofactor for reduction of antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione peroxidases and thioredoxin reductase, and plays a role in cellular apoptosis. Chromium (Polynicotinate) Chromium is an essential mineral and important to the metabolism of glucose and protein, managing cholesterol, insulin regulation, thyroid function, and serotonin production.